Reasearch by Doubochinksi
Danil Doubochinski, author of over 70 scientific-technical research papers and 6 international patents, belongs to one of a handful of persons alive today, who have made truly fundamental innovations to both theoretical and applied science. As in other cases of fundamental innovations, understanding and assimilating Doubochinski's work requires a special kind of intellectual effort on the part of the reader. The difficulty lies not so much in technical details, as in the circumstance, that this work involves new conceptions and a novel approach to some central problems of science and technology, which run counter to established habits of thinking.
Doubochinski's main accomplishments can be summed up in four points:
I. The experimental discovery, in 1968-69, of a fundamentally new phenomenon in vibrating systems -- so-called argumental oscillations and the Macroscopic Quantization Effect MQE (see explanation below) -- and, connected with this, of a fundamentally new principle and method for transforming energy from one form into another.
II. Extensive experimental and theoretical investigations in the field of argumental oscillations, multiply-coupled oscillators and related areas, carried out under Doubochinski's direction in laboratories and institutes of the USSR in the period 1969-1989. Growing out of this work, and continuing until today, the elaboration of a new conceptual framework for theoretical physics, based on a new conception of physical objects and of the interactions among physical objects.
III. Development of innovative approaches and applications to a wide variety of problems in applied physics and engineering, leading (among other things) to a series of new technologies and inventions having enormous commercial and economic potential. These applications have the common feature, that they require many times less energy, and are technically simpler and cheaper to realize, than existing conventional solutions. Six international patents obtained in the period 1990-2004.
IV. Construction and operation of a variety of laboratory prototypes for: (a) cooling and refrigeration, both for domestic and industrial use; (b) atomization of liquids into extremely fine (submicron) droplets; (c) desalination of sea water and, more generally, the separation of physical media into constituent components; (d) the preparation of highly-stable emulsions, with application to the production of synthetic fuels. The parameters of these prototypes have been independently measured and certified by leading industrial laboratories in France, including Bureau VERITAS, LAMI / ENPC-LCPC, and the Research Center of ELF/TOTAL. Application studies, carried out during 2006-2009 on contract from the companies AREVA and ENERTHERM, have confirmed the energy-efficiency, economic advantages and environmentally-friendly character of Doubochinki's technologies.
A fundamental discovery…
Stated very briefly and in non-technical language, the essence of Doubochinski's scientific breakthrough lies in the discovery of a fundamentally new type of interaction or coupling between physical systems, which was entirely unexpected from the standpoint of previously-existing ideas and theories. Since the transformation of energy from one form into another invariably involves couplings between two or more physical systems, Doubochinski's discovery leads to new, previously-unforeseen methods for transforming energy, as well as for applying energy to transforming the state of material systems.
The revolutionary character of Doubochinski's discovery can best be understood from the standpoint of how his work has overcome certain mental barriers, built into conventional ways of thinking about the interaction and coupling of physical systems.
In conventional physics, the coupling-together of two physical systems is understood as a kind of restriction or constraint on their behavior, relative to the "free" state which existed prior to the interaction. The result of conventional forms of coupling, is that one or more parameters of each system become linked to parameters of the other by mathematical equations (differential equations). In this sense the coupled systems lose their independence and become fused into a single physical system, whose behavior is described by the solutions of the mathematical equations. In conventional schemes, obtaining a high efficiency of energy transfer between physical systems, depends on coupling them as strongly and rigidly as possible. The classical example is that of resonance between oscillating systems: an efficient transfer of energy occurs when the frequencies of oscillation of the two systems coincide, or are very close to each other, and their motions thereby very strongly correlated.
Prior to Doubochinski's pioneering work, hardly anyone had imagined the possibility of an efficient, but "asynchronous" mode of transfer of energy between oscillating systems having widely differing frequencies, and in which the two systems maintain a certain kind of independence from each other at the same time as they interact. The existence of such an extraordinary, and previously totally unexpected type of coupling of oscillating systems was clearly demonstrated for the first time in 1968-69, with the invention of the so-called argumental pendulum by Danil Doubochinski and his brother Jacob. The argumental pendulum caused a sensation in the Soviet physics community, leading to the setting-up of a specialized institute, under the leadership of Danil Doubochinski, for the study of argumental interactions and related phenomena.
The argumental pendulum consists of an ordinary (gravitational) pendulum with a small magnet attached to its end, which interacts with the magnetic field generated by a small electromagnet (solenoid coil), positioned under the lowest point of the pendulum's trajectory. The electromagnet is supplied with alternating current, whose frequency can be tens or hundreds of times higher than the natural frequency of the pendulum, giving rise in its immediate vicinity to a magnetic field with the same frequency of oscillation. The system is built in such a way, that the pendulum "feels" the oscillating magnetic field only over a small section of its trajectory, when it passes close to the electromagnet; over the rest of its trajectory the pendulum the moves "freely", like an ordinary pendulum, under gravity.
As a result of this ingenious arrangement, instead of becoming "enslaved" to the magnetic field -- as in the case of interactions of the conventional sort – the pendulum is able to self-regulate its exchange of energy with the electromagnet, using fluctuations in the relative moment or phase at which it enters and exits from the vicinity of the electromagnet, from one period of oscillation of the pendulum to the next.
This mechanism of phase-modulated (or” argumental”) self- regulation of the pendulum’s interaction with the electromagnet, gives rise to novel and unexpected sorts of self-organized behavior, never observed before in oscillating systems of such an apparently simple sort. Chief among these is the existence of a series of stable states or "regimes" of motion of the pendulum, each corresponding to a specific amplitude of oscillation, and in each of which the pendulum is able to compensate its losses from friction by extracting precise amounts of energy from the electromagnet. This phenomenon became known as the “Macroscopic Quantization Effect” (MQE).
In subsequent years Doubochinski and his co-workers applied the principle behind the MQE to the construction of new types of motors, generators and other novel electromechanical devices, demonstrating the feasibility of highly-efficient, direct conversion of oscillatory energy between widely-differing frequencies by means of argumental interactions. It was also demonstrated, that a single high-frequency energy source could be used to simultaneously "feed" an unlimited number and variety of individual oscillatory systems , each operating near to its own specific natural frequency, which can be different from the others. This result provided the "seed" for a number of Doubochinski’s most important inventions and applications.
At the same time, Doubochinski recognized that the emergence of stable regimes of energy transfer in the argumental pendulum and related devices, is inseparably linked with a very special “living” (fluctuational) quality of the couplings involved, which permit the interacting systems to maintain their essential characteristics, while at the same time adapting to each other. Such couplings, he realized, must be regarded as real physical objects in their own right -- dynamic objects of a new type.
…with far-reaching consequences
The discovery of argumental interactions and the MQE opened up vast new areas of research and development, which, despite three decades of work by Douboschinski and his collaborators, have in many ways only begun to be explored. The potential applications, in theoretical science and in technology, are extremely numerous. The following is only a partial list, including six basic directions in which Doubochinski and his collaborators have already made significant concrete contributions.